Sangan iron ore mines in Khaf, with a total deposit of over one billion
tons, are one of the 10 largest iron ore extraction fields in the world. The
mines provide primary feed for the production of 17.5 million tons of
concentrate, 15 million tons of pellets and 5 million tons of iron ore.
Sangan iron ore deposits are divided into three parts: western, central, and
eastern regions, in an area of
22 kilometers long and 10 kilometers wide, 300 kilometers southeast of
Mashhad. The area is located about 50 kilometers from Afghanistan border.
The first exploratory studies in Sangan were conducted in 1354 (1975) by
Barit Iran Company. The new exploratory and initial feasibility studies
including geographical, mineral and metallurgical studies were carried out
by the National Iranian Steel Company from 1362 (1983/84) up to 1369
(1990/91). Detailed exploration operations in western deposits were carried
out by BHP from 1369 up to 1372 (1993/94), and exploration activities in
western, central and eastern deposits are still underway.
In this location, aerial geophysical operations were conducted in an area of
11,500 square kilometers and after aerial and ground geophysics, 15
anomalies were identified. So far 13 areas have been delegated to the
private sector for exploration operations.
To reach a production capacity of 55 million tons of steel under the 1404
Vision Plan (2025/26) requires reliable iron ore reserves. The iron ore
needed to attain the goal of the plan is 160 million tons, and the
production of Sangan Iron Ore Complex (SIOC) under the plan is 40 million
tons, equivalent to 25% of the entire country. The required concentrate and
pellet are 90 million tons, and the SIOC plans to produce 17.5 million tons
of concentrate (20% of the total volume in the country) and 15 million tons
of pellets (equivalent to 16% of the entire country).
With regard to the needs of the operating or under construction factories in
the region to water resources and other energy uses, including gas and
electricity, mechanisms to provide the requirements studied and basic
measures for their supply are underway.
The Sangan comprehensive plan was finalized in 1392 (2013/14) and 1393
(2014/15) and measures have been taken for localization of industrial and
mining units based on the same comprehensive plan.
Sangan Iron Ore Complex